global warming is real, but carbon dioxide is not the cause. the big climate industrial complex's models are heinously wrong. Why? they fail to include almost all atmospheric gases.

Physical Drivers of Climate Change

The only two physical drivers of climate change are: 1) solar irradiance (sunshine), and 2) Earth's geothermal temperatures. There is no other source of heat for the surface of earth and earth's atmosphere.

The Big Climate's multi-billion dollar models incorrectly treat geothermal temperatures as a constant instead of a variable. Since the sun has been ruled out as the cause of global warming, a very small increase in geothermal temperatures (2o F/10,000o F = about 0.02%) MUST be the cause.

There are one-way greenhouse gases and two-way Ghgs

Oxygen (O2) is the chief absorber of incoming sunshine.

A greenhouse gas is defined as any gas that absorbs solar irradiance, or absorbs and emits radiant energy at thermal infrared (IR) wavelengths, causing the greenhouse effect. Since all gases do one or both, all atmospheric gases are, in fact, GhGs.

All atmospheric gases are greenhouse gases(GhGs). Some greenhouse gases absorb both incoming sunlight and outgoing infrared radiation (oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane & ozone) others do not absorb any incoming sunlight, but absorb outgoing infrared radiation (nitrogen, argon, neon, krypton, helium, hydrogen & xenon). Any GhG containing oxygen or carbon absorbs UV rays, visible light & infrared radiation. All atmospheric gases absorb outgoing infrared heat. Nitrogen is the chief absorber of outgoing IR rays.

question: which atmospheric gases are greenhouse gases (ghgs)? Answer: all atmospheric gases are ghgs!

Everything with mass absorbs and emits infrared radiation. All gases do so.

This chart details the gas phase thermochemistry of the three most important constituents of of the atmosphere, plus insignificant number, five carbon dioxide, along with their molar heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp). All gases also have thermal conductivity (how poorly they exchange heat, more like rubber than metal). Despite poor conductivity, gases collide so frequently and chaotically that they achieve temperature and pressure equilibrium relatively rapidly (minutes, even on a global scale. There is no such thing as crackpot climatologist Michael E. Mann's "faux pause."

A greenhouse gas (GhG) is any gas that absorbs & emits infrared heat. An immutable law of physics says everything with mass does so. The universal wavelength at which all known forms of matter absorb, or trap, heat is 10^14 hertz.

Earth’s chief atmospheric GhGs are nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and water vapor. Carbon dioxide is an insignificant 0.04% of air by mass. Current climate models exclude about 99.67% of air. The vast majority of the 0.33% currently included is water vapor. This is why climate models by Michael E. Mann, the UN's IPCC, EPA, etc. are WRONG! For a climate model to be valid, it MUST include all atmospheric gases at their estimated molar heat capacity at constant pressure (CP).

two ghgs, nitrogen and oxygen, dominate the atmosphere!

Nitrox is nitrogen & oxygen, constitute 99% of the atmosphere.

Nitrogen is by far the most important GhG, followed by oxygen. Argon is a distant third. Water vapor (not clouds) is a distant fourth. Carbon dioxide is an insignificant fifth place, accounting for less than 0.05 degrees Fahrenheit.

One-way greenhouse gases do not absorb any incoming sunlight, but they do absorb outgoing infrared heat. One-way GhGs include nitrogen, argon, neon, krypton, helium, hydrogen (probably), and xenon.

Two-way greenhouse gases absorb both incoming sunlight and outgoing infrared heat. Two-way GhGs include oxygen, which is by far the chief absorber of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane and ozone. Atmospheric oxygen (O2) absorbs about 250,000 times more harmful UV rays than its more famous alotrope ozone (O3). The ozone scare was a hoax, as is the current carbon dioxide hoax.

fractional distillation of air

Distillation of air is compelling evidence that N2, O2and Ar are GhGs

Massive quantities of liquid nitrogen, oxygen & argon are produced by fractional distillation of air. Fractional distillation separates air into its component parts by drawing the heat out of them for use as ultra-cold liquid refrigerants. Drawing heat out of them proves they emit heat, duh. When these liquids boil to gas phase, they absorb infrared heat until they achieve temperature and pressure equilibrium with their surrounding environment. This industrial process demonstrates these gases are greenhouse gases. FYI, liquid oxygen (LOX) is used as a component of rocket fuel by NASA and SpaceX when LOX boils to gas phase and is combined with hydrogen and a spark, the result is a tremendous chemical explosion and a shock wave of equal intensity, and it's off to the moon, Alice!

The fractional distillation process begins by drawing air through filters and dryers to remove water vapor, dust, seeds, and such. Carbon dioxide is removed by cooling the air to below CO2’s sublimation point, the temperature at which is goes directly from a gas to a solid called dry ice. The gas mixture now holds nitrogen, oxygen & the five rare gases (mostly argon).

The remaining air is compressed and cooled until it liquifies. The liquified air is then distilled in a fractional column which separates nitrogen, oxygen, and argon and makes them richer and richer. Nitrogen and argon are crystal clear, while 99.5% pure liquid oxygen, sky blue in color. All three ultra-cold liquids are stored in steel pressure vessels and shipped to customers.